Thrush is caused by Candida fungus, also known as yeast oral infection. Candidiasis is not limited to the mouth; it can occur in other parts of the body, as well as in babies with diaper rash or in women with vaginal yeast infections. Thrush can affect anyone, but it is most common in infants, the elderly, and with weakened immune system. A small amount of Candida fungi is present in the mouth of the healthiest people, digestive tract and skin. They are usually kept in check by other bacteria and microorganisms in the body. Patients should be treated as early as possible.
In infants with thrush mild usually with external drugs until symptoms disappear at least 48 hours later. Moderate to severe thrush has spread to the esophagus more severe thrush infection treated with oral antifungal agents. External antifungal drugs can also be used. In some severe infections, the treatment period may be longer.
Thrush may persist or recur in cases: need only to be treated twice as a final symptom. Need to be treated with oral and topical antifungal drugs. People with weakened immune systems may need to take an antifungal drug on a continuous basis to prevent infection with thrush.
Develop good oral hygiene, including brushing twice a day and flossing once a day. If you have a previous thrush infection, replace your toothbrush to help prevent mutual infection. If you wear dentures, soak them in chlorhexidine solution every night.
It is very important to get rid of any source of infection, or thrush will continue to come back. Boil toys, pacifiers, bottles, and other items the child can put into his or her mouth. Or wash items in warm, soapy water.